Personal Work: Democracy + Communism: Nat Geo :: Cuba + Bulgaria, in Layers: Paskova_Yana_005

Propaganda fills the space that lack of advertising leaves on this Havana street in April of 2015: a sign for the Young Communist League reading {quote}Everything for the Revolution{quote} stretches across a billboard next to the organization's motto {quote}Estudio, Trabajo, Fusil{quote} ({quote}Study, Work, Rifle{quote}) and the likes of Cuban revolutionaries Julio Antonio Mella, Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos. While membership to the organization is voluntary (and selective - based on a clean record of pro-government views,) belonging to it is highly encouraged for social and professional success. In the corner is a photo of my father reading a government-controlled newspaper titled “National Youth,” which, like all newspapers in pre-1989 Bulgaria, mixed news reporting with Communist propaganda.

Propaganda fills the space that lack of advertising leaves on this Havana street in April of 2015: a sign for the Young Communist League reading "Everything for the Revolution" stretches across a billboard next to the organization's motto "Estudio, Trabajo, Fusil" ("Study, Work, Rifle") and the likes of Cuban revolutionaries Julio Antonio Mella, Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos. While membership to the organization is voluntary (and selective - based on a clean record of pro-government views,) belonging to it is highly encouraged for social and professional success. In the corner is a photo of my father reading a government-controlled newspaper titled “National Youth,” which, like all newspapers in pre-1989 Bulgaria, mixed news reporting with Communist propaganda.